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city is headed by an elected mayor who is limited to two consecutive
four-year terms but can run for the position again after an
intervening term. The legislative branch, the Philadelphia City
Council, consists of ten council members representing individual
districts and seven members elected at large. Philadelphia is
split between four congressional districts.
The Philadelphia County Court of Common Pleas is the trial court
of general jurisdiction for Philadelphia. It is funded and operated
largely by city resources and employees. The Philadelphia Municipal
Court handles matters of limited jurisdiction. The Supreme Court
of Pennsylvania, the court of last resort in the state, regularly
hears arguments in Philadelphia City Hall.
The federal government plays a large role in Philadelphia as
well. The city served as the capital city of the United States,
before the construction of Washington, D.C. Today, the East
Coast operations of the United States Mint are based near the
historic district, and the Federal Reserve Bank's Philadelphia
division is based there as well. Philadelphia is also home to
the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania
and the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit.